The text still calls on Russia to commit to a “just and lasting peace” and to allow grain to be transported across the Black Sea again. The ultimately finely negotiated statement was so general that both Russia and the United States said they were at peace with it.
According to the Tass news agency, Russia considers it a “balanced” story that takes into account “different points of view on the war.” US security adviser Jake Sullivan is satisfied because he believes the agreement clearly states that “states may not use force to seize territory,” and that they may not violate “the territorial integrity, sovereignty, and political independence of other nations.”
About the author
Michel Maas is the foreign editor of the magazine De Volkskrant. He was previously a war correspondent and correspondent in Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia.
Reuters quoted an unnamed European official as saying that at the G-20 summit in New Delhi, Ukraine was “the most controversial topic at the summit”. “Without India’s leadership, this agreement would not have been possible,” the source said. Brazil and South Africa are also said to have played an important role.
During the previous G-20 summit, last year in Bali, the G-20 leaders issued a statement that was even harsher. It strongly condemned “Russian aggression” and called on Russia to immediately withdraw its forces from Ukraine. However, this statement was not as “unanimous” as the New Delhi statement. In Paley’s statement, “most members” supported war, but not all. There were “other opinions regarding the situation and the sanctions”. For example, China did not sign the document.
The New Delhi statement will be the last statement. The West was reportedly in favor of the strong condemnation at the start of the negotiations, but eventually agreed to the text agreed upon on Saturday. In messages, including from BBCHe concluded that the West has succumbed to pressure from Global South: Southern Hemisphere.
The main representatives of that “southern” bloc are India, Brazil and South Africa. Since the Russian invasion in February 2022, they have consistently refused to condemn the Russian invasion in many words. This is now emphatically reflected in the final New Delhi text
Ukrainian Foreign Ministry spokesman Oleg Nikolenko described the agreement as “nothing to be proud of”.
The G20 accepted the African Union as a member this weekend. This union, with 55 member states and a total population of 1.3 billion, is the second international bloc to become a member after the European Union.
After that, India handed over the presidency of the G-20 to Brazil, which will organize the next summit. Brazilian President Lula immediately announced in New Delhi that Russian President Vladimir Putin would not be arrested if he visited Brazil.
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