Hurricane Wilma breaks record as strongest Atlantic storm ever
12 years ago Contributing Writer Comments Off on Hurricane Wilma breaks record as strongest Atlantic storm ever
SAN PEDRO SULA, Honduras (AP) – Hurricane Wilma wobbled toward Mexico’s Cancun resort and Florida on Wednesday, an “extremely dangerous” storm that has already killed 12 people in the Caribbean and was labeled the most intense ever to form in the Americas.
In Florida, officials ordered visitors out of the Keys. Tourists are generally told to leave ahead of others on the chain of islands connected by one highway. Heavy rain from Wilma’s outer bands forced evacuations in Honduras, Cuba, Jamaica and Haiti.
At 2 p.m. EDT, the Category 5 hurricane had maximum sustained winds of 165 mph, down from 175 mph earlier in the day. The storm was centered 300 miles southeast of Mexico’s Cozumel island.
The National Hurricane Center in Miami warned that Wilma would be a “significant threat” to Florida by the weekend in a season that has already seen devastation from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
“We had well over 1,000 lives lost in Katrina. If Wilma, you know, comes into the U.S., to the Florida coast as a Category 3 or 4 hurricane, that potential for large loss of life is with us,” said hurricane center director Max Mayfield.
The White House, stung by criticism that it had not responded quickly enough to Katrina, promised to stay on top of the situation. “We are closely monitoring what is an extremely dangerous storm,” said White House spokesman Scott McClellan. “People should take this hurricane very seriously.”
Countries across the region also prepared for the worst. Much of Central America and southern Mexico was still recovering from Hurricane Stan, which left more than 1,500 people dead or missing.
Wilma was on a curving course that would carry it through the narrow channel between Cuba and Mexico on Friday, possibly within a few miles of Cancun and Cozumel.
On Wednesday, tourists packed Cancun’s airport in hopes of catching flights out. MTV postponed its Video Music Awards Latin America ceremony. It was originally scheduled for Thursday at a seaside park south of Cancun.
With heavy rain, high winds, and rough seas already pounding coastal areas, flood-prone Honduras warned that Wilma posed “an imminent threat to life and property.” The country closed two Caribbean ports.
The closest land to Wilma’s eye were the nearly uninhabited Swan Islands, once used by the CIA for propaganda broadcasts to Cuba. They were 35 miles west of the storm’s center.
The head of Haiti’s civil protection agency, Maria Alta Jean-Baptiste, said rains associated with Wilma caused floods and landslides that killed at least 11 people since Monday. At least 2,000 families were forced from flooded homes.
Cuban authorities suspended classes in the western province of Pinar del Rio and prepared to evacuate tourists from campgrounds and low-lying areas, according to Granma, the Communist daily. Heavy rain in the island’s eastern Granma province forced the evacuations of more than 1,000 people.
Jamaica, where heavy rain has fallen since Sunday, closed almost all schools and 350 people were living in shelters. One man died Sunday in a rain-swollen river.
A military helicopter plucked 19 people from rooftops Tuesday in St. Catherine parish, where some areas were flooded with up to 7 feet of water, said Barbara Carby, head of Jamaica’s emergency management office.
“The problem is that with the level of saturation, it doesn’t take much more rain for flooding to occur, so we still have to remain very much on alert,” she said.
In the Cayman Islands, schools and most businesses were closed as heavy rains fell intermittently. About 1,000 residents lost power.
The storm was expected to dump up to 25 inches of rain in mountainous areas of Cuba, and up to 15 inches in the Caymans and Jamaica. Up to 12 inches were possible from Honduras to the Yucatan peninsula, the U.S. weather service said.
Wilma’s confirmed pressure readings early Wednesday dropped to 882 millibars, the lowest minimum pressure ever measured in a hurricane in the Americas, according to the hurricane center. Lower pressure translates into higher wind speed.
Forecasters said Wilma was stronger than the Labor Day hurricane that hit the Florida Keys in 1935, the most powerful Atlantic hurricane to make landfall on record.
But disruptive high-altitude winds in the Gulf of Mexico should weaken Wilma before landfall, said Hugh Cobb, a meteorologist at the hurricane center.
The strongest Atlantic storm on record, based on pressure readings, had been Hurricane Gilbert in 1988, which registered 888 millibars.
Some residents of the Florida Keys began buying water, canned food and other emergency supplies. Many said they had been impressed by the devastation from Katrina, Rita and other recent hurricanes.
“People have learned their lesson and know better how to prepare. We’re not waiting until the last minute anymore,” said Andrea Yerger of Port Charlotte, Fla., who was buying material to protect her house, which had to be gutted because of damage from Hurricane Charley last year.
Wilma’s track could take it near Punta Gorda on Florida’s southwestern Gulf Coast and other areas hit by Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, in August 2004.
The state has seen seven hurricanes hit or pass close by since then, causing more than $20 billion in damage and killing nearly 150 people.
Forecasters said Wilma should avoid the central Gulf coast ravaged by Katrina and Rita. Those storms killed more than 1,200 people.
Wilma is the record-tying 12th hurricane of the Atlantic season, the same number reached in 1969. Records have been kept since 1851. On Monday, Wilma became the Atlantic hurricane season’s 21st named storm, tying the record set in 1933 and exhausting the list of names for this year.
The six-month hurricane season ends Nov. 30. Any new storms would be named with letters from the Greek alphabet, starting with Alpha.